TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

 

CHAPTER 1 OFFENSES

 

 

3-1-1 Violations of Chapter

3-1-2 Streets

3-1-3 Public Safety and Health

 

 

3-1-1 VIOLATIONS OF CHAPTER. Commission of any of the acts named in the following sections by any person shall constitute a violation of this chapter.

 

3-1-2 STREETS.

 

1. Removal of safeguards or danger signals. No person shall willfully remove, tear down, destroy, deface, or carry away from any highway, street, alley, avenue or bridge any lamp, obstruction, guard or other article or things, or extinguish any lamp or other light, erected or placed thereupon for the purpose of guarding or enclosing unsafe or dangerous places in said highway, street, alley, avenue or bridge without the consent of the person in control thereof.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 716.5)

 

2. Obstructing or defacing streets. No person shall obstruct, deface, or injure any public road in any manner by breaking up, plowing or digging within the boundary lines thereof, without permission from the Mayor.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 716.1)

 

3. Removal of hydrant caps, sewer caps or manhole covers. No person shall remove or carry away hydrant caps, sewer caps or manhole covers without the consent of the person in control thereof.

3-1-3 PUBLIC SAFETY AND HEALTH.

 

1. Putting glass, etc., on streets and sidewalks or in storm drains. No person shall throw or deposit on any street, sidewalk or in storm drain any glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, trash, garbage, rubbish, litter, offal, or any other debris, or any other substance likely to injure any person, animal or vehicle.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.369)

2. Harassment of City Employees.

a. It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully prevent, resist or obstruct or attempt to prevent, resist or obstruct any City employee from the performance of any official duty.

b. It shall be unlawful for any person to communicate by any means, any threat of bodily or property harm to any City employee or to any member of his or her family during the course of, or as a result of, the performance of any official duty by said City employee.

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 2 NUISANCES

 

 

3-2-1 Definitions

3-2-2 Other Conditions Regulated

3-2-3 Notice to Abate Nuisance or Condition

3-2-4 Contents of Notice to Abate

3-2-5 Method of Service

3-2-6 Request for Hearing and Appeal

3-2-7 Abatement in Emergency

3-2-8 Abatement by Municipality

3-2-9 Collection of Cost of Abatement

3-2-10 Installment Payment of Cost of Abatement

3-2-11 Failure to Abate

 

 

3-2-1 DEFINITIONS. For use in this Ordinance, the following terms are defined:

 

1. The term "nuisance" means whatever is injurious to health, indecent, or unreasonably offensive to the senses or an obstacle to the free use of property, so as essentially to unreasonably interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life or property. The following are declared to be nuisances:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.1)

 

a. The erecting, continuing, or using any building or other place for the exercise of any trade, employment, or manufacture, which by occasioning noxious exhalations, unreasonably offensive smells, or other annoyances, becomes injurious and dangerous to the health, comfort, or property of individuals or the public.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(1))

 

b. The causing or suffering any offal, filth, or noisome substance to accumulate or to remain in any place to the prejudice of others.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(2))

 

c. The causing of any litter to accumulate or to remain in any place to the prejudge of others.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 455B.361(2))

d. The obstructing or encumbering by fences, buildings, or otherwise the public roads, private driveways, streets, alleys, commons, landing places, or burying grounds.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(5))

 

e. Houses of ill fame, kept for the purpose of prostitution and lewdness, gambling houses, or houses resorted to for the use of controlled substances or houses where drunkenness, quarreling, fighting or breaches of the peace are carried on or permitted to the disturbance of others.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(6))

 

f. Billboards, signboards, and advertising signs, whether erected and constructed on public or private property, which so obstruct and impair the view of any portion or part of a public street, avenue, highway, boulevard or alley or of a railroad or street railway track as to render dangerous the use thereof, especially near intersecting streets.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(7))

 

g. Cotton-bearing cottonwood trees and all other cotton-bearing poplar trees in the City.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(8))

 

h. The depositing or storing of flammable junk, such as old rags, rope, cordage, rubber, bones, and paper, by any person including dealers in such articles, within the fire limits of this City, unless it be in a building of fire resistant construction.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(10))

 

i. The emission of dense smoke, noxious fumes, or fly ash.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(11))

 

j. Dense growth of all weeds, grasses, vines, brush, or other vegetation in the City so as to constitute a health, safety, or fire hazard including any City owned property between the abutting property line and the street right-of-way.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(12))

 

k. Trees infected with Dutch elm disease.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 657.2(13))

 

l. Effluent from septic tank or drain field running or ponding on the ground in the open.

m. Any article or substance placed upon a street, alley, sidewalk, public ground, or in any ditch, waterway, or gutter so as to obstruct the drainage.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 716.1)

 

n. Accumulations of rubbish or trash tending to harbor vermin and rodents.

 

2. The term "property owner" means the contract purchaser if there is one of record, otherwise the record holder of legal title.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.1)

 

3-2-2 OTHER CONDITIONS REGULATED. The following actions are required and may also be abated in the manner provided in this Ordinance:

 

1. The removal of diseased trees or dead wood, but not diseased trees and dead wood outside the lot and property lines and inside the curb lines upon the public street.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(b))

2. The removal, repair, or dismantling of dangerous buildings or structures.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(c))

3-2-3 NOTICE TO ABATE NUISANCE OR CONDITION. Whenever the Mayor or other authorized municipal officer finds that a nuisance or other condition exists which is listed in Chapter 2, the Mayor or officer shall cause to be served upon the property owner as shown by the records of the County Auditor a written notice to abate the nuisance within a reasonable time after notice. The City may elect to follow Chapter 657 of the Iowa Code.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-2-4 CONTENTS OF NOTICE TO ABATE. The notice to abate shall contain:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

1. A description of what constitutes the nuisance or other condition.

2. The location of the nuisance or condition.

3. A statement of the act or acts necessary to abate the nuisance or condition.

4. A reasonable time within which to complete the abatement.

5. A statement that if the nuisance or condition is not abated as directed and no request for hearing is made within the time prescribed, the City will abate it and assess the costs against such person.

3-2-5 METHOD OF SERVICE. The notice may be served by certified mail or personal service to the property owner as shown by the records of the County Auditor.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-2-6 REQUEST FOR HEARING AND APPEAL. Any person ordered to abate a nuisance or condition may have a hearing with the municipal officer ordering the abatement as to whether a nuisance or prohibited condition exists. A request for a hearing must be made in writing and delivered to the municipal officer ordering the abatement within the time stated in the notice, or it will be conclusively presumed that a nuisance or prohibited condition exists and it must be abated as ordered.

 

At the conclusion of the hearing, the hearing officer shall render a written decision as to whether a nuisance or prohibited condition exists. If the officer finds that a nuisance or prohibited condition exists, the officer must order it abated within an additional time which must be reasonable under the circumstances. An appeal from this decision may be had by immediately filing a written notice with the hearing officer. This appeal shall be heard before the City Council at a time and place fixed by the Council. The findings of the Council shall be conclusive and, if a nuisance or prohibited condition is found to exist, it shall be ordered abated within a time reasonable under the circumstances.

 

3-2-7 ABATEMENT IN EMERGENCY. If it is determined that an emergency exists by reason of the continuing maintenance of the nuisance or condition, the City may perform any action that may be required under this chapter without prior notice, and assess the costs as provided herein, after notice to the property owner under the applicable provision of Sections 3-2-4 and 3-2-5 and hearing as provided in Section 3-2-7.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-2-8 ABATEMENT BY MUNICIPALITY. If the person notified to abate a nuisance or condition neglects or fails to abate as directed, the City may perform the required action to abate, keeping an accurate account of the expense incurred. The itemized expense account shall be filed with the City Clerk, who shall pay such expenses on behalf of the municipality.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-2-9 COLLECTION OF COST OF ABATEMENT. The Clerk shall mail a statement of the total expense incurred to the property owner who has failed to abide by the notice to abate, and if the amount shown by the statement has not been paid within one month, the City Clerk shall certify the costs to the County Auditor and they shall then be collected with, and in the same manner, as general property taxes.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-2-10 INSTALLMENT PAYMENT OF COST OF ABATEMENT. If the amount expended to abate the nuisance or condition exceeds $100, the City may permit the assessment to be paid in up to ten (10) annual installments, to be paid in the same manner and at the same rate of interest charged delinquent real estate taxes by the County Treasurer.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.13)

 

3-2-11 FAILURE TO ABATE. Any person causing or maintaining a nuisance who shall fail or refuse to abate or remove the same within the reasonable time required and specified in the notice to abate shall be in violation of the Code of Ordinances. Each day in which any such civil violation continues shall be deemed a separate and distinct offense.

 

 

EDITOR’S NOTE

 

A suggested form of notice for the abatement of nuisances is included in the appendix of the Code of Ordinances.

 

Caution is urged in the use of this administrative abatement procedure, particularly where cost of abatement is more than minimal or where there is doubt as to whether or not a nuisance does in fact exist. If compliance is not secured following notice and hearings, we recommend you review the situation with your attorney before proceeding with abatement and assessment of costs. Your attorney may recommend proceedings in court under Chapter 657 of the Code of Iowa rather than this procedure.

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 3 TRAFFIC CODE

 

 

 

3-3-1 Short Title

3-3-2 Definitions

TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

3-3-3 Authority to Install Traffic-Control Devices

3-3-4 City Council or City Designee to Designate Crosswalks, Establish, and Mark Traffic Lanes

3-3-5 Play Streets

SPEED REGULATIONS

3-3-6 Changing State Speed Limits in Certain Zones

TURNING MOVEMENTS

3-3-7 Turning Markers, Buttons and Signs

3-3-8 Authority to Place Restricted Turn Signs

3-3-9 Obedience to No-Turn Signs

3-3-10 "U" Turns

ONE-WAY STREETS AND ALLEYS

3-3-11 Authority to Designate One-Way Streets and Alleys

3-3-12 Authority on Streets During Certain Periods

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

3-3-13 Through Highways

3-3-14 Authority to Erect Stop Signs

3-3-15 Stops at Intersecting Through Highways and Other Intersections

3-3-16 Stop When Traffic Is Obstructed

3-3-17 School Stops

STOPPING, STANDING OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES

3-3-18 Stopping, Standing or Parking Prohibited in Specified Places

3-3-19 Authority to Paint Curbs and Erect Signs Prohibiting Standing or Parking

3-3-20 Authority to Impound Vehicles

 

 

STOPPING, STANDING OR PARKING

3-3-21 Parking Signs Required

3-3-22 Parking During Snow Emergency

3-3-23 All-Night Parking Prohibited

MISCELLANEOUS DRIVING RULES

3-3-24 Clinging to Vehicles

3-3-25 Parking for Certain Purposes Prohibited

3-3-26 Driving Through Funeral or Other Procession

3-3-27 Drivers in a Procession

3-3-28 Funeral Processions to be Identified

3-3-29 Load Restrictions Upon Vehicles Using Certain Streets

3-3-30 Truck Routes

3-3-31 Temporary Embargo

3-3-32 Permits For Excess Size and Weight

SNOWMOBILES AND ALL TERRAIN VECHICLES (ATV’S)

3-3-33 Snowmobile and All Terrain Vehicle Definitions

3-3-34 Permitted Areas of Operation

3-3-35 Regulations

3-3-36 Equipment Required

3-3-37 Unattended Vehicles

3-3-38 Restriction of Operation

3-3-39 Traffic Regulation

3-3-40 Parade Regulations

PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE ON ARREST

3-3-41 Citation Placed on Illegally Parked Vehicle

3-3-42 Presumption in Reference to Illegal Parking

3-3-43 Local Parking Fines

3-3-44 Failure to Pay Parking Citations

 

3-3-1 SHORT TITLE. This chapter may be known and cited as the "Traffic Code".

 

3-3-2 DEFINITIONS. Where words and phrases used in this chapter are defined in Chapter 321 of the Code of Iowa, such definitions shall apply to this Ordinance.

 

1. "Park and parking" means the stopping or standing of a vehicle, except for the purpose of, and while actually engaged in, loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.

2. "Stand or standing" means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except for the purpose of and while actually engaged in, loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.

3. "Stop", when required means complete cessation of movement.

4. "Stop or stopping", when prohibited, means any halting of a vehicle, even momentarily, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.

5. "Business districts" means: the territory contiguous to and including a highway when fifty percent or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.

6. "Residential districts" means all areas of the City not included in business districts.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1)

 

7. "Peace officer" means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1(50))

 

    1. "School District" means the territory contiguous to and including a highway for a distance of two hundred (200) feet in either direction form a schoolhouse.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1(70))

9. "Suburban District" means all other parts of the city not included in the business, school, or residence districts.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1(79))

10. "Vehicle" means every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1(90))

 

TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

 

3-3-3 AUTHORITY TO INSTALL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES. The City Council shall cause to be placed and maintained traffic-control devices when and as required under this chapter or other Ordinances of this City to make effective their provisions, and may so cause to be placed and maintained such additional, emergency, or temporary traffic-control devices for the duration of an emergency or temporary condition as traffic conditions may require, to regulate traffic under the traffic Ordinances of this City or under State law or to guide or warn traffic.

 

The City Council shall keep a record of all traffic-control devices maintained by the department.

 

No provision of this Traffic Code for which signs are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if, at the time and place of the alleged violation, an official sign is not in a viewable position and sufficiently legible to an ordinary observant person.

 

All traffic-control devices shall comply with current standards established by the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.255 and 321.256)

 

3-3-4 CITY COUNCIL OR CITY DESIGNEE TO DESIGNATE CROSSWALKS, ESTABLISH, AND MARK TRAFFIC LANES. The City Council or City Designee is hereby authorized:

 

1. To designate and maintain by appropriate devices, marks or lines upon the surface of the roadway, crosswalks at intersections where, due to traffic conditions, there is particular danger to pedestrians crossing the street or roadway, and at such other places as traffic conditions require.

2. To mark lanes for traffic on street pavements at such places as traffic conditions require, consistent with the traffic Code of this City. Where traffic lanes have been marked, it shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to fail or refuse to keep such vehicle within the boundaries of a lane except when lawfully passing another vehicle or preparatory to making a lawful turning movement.

3-3-5 PLAY STREETS. The City Council has the authority to declare any street or part thereof a play street and to place appropriate signs or devices in the roadway indicating and helping to protect the same.

 

Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon the street or any portion thereof except drivers of vehicles having business or whose residences are within the closed area, and then the driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon the street or portion thereof.

 

SPEED REGULATIONS

 

3-3-6 CHANGING STATE SPEED LIMITS IN CERTAIN ZONES. It is hereby determined upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that the speed permitted by State law upon the following streets or portions thereof is greater or less than is necessary for the safe operation of vehicles thereon, and it is declared that the maximum speed limit upon these streets or portions thereof described shall be as follows:

 

1. Increased speed limit:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.290)

2. Lower speed limit:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.290)

 

    1. Special 45 mph Speed Zone. A speed in excess of forty-five (45) miles per hour shall be unlawful on any of the following designated streets or parts thereof:

 

(1) On Highway 34 from the west corporate limit to Station 415, as designated by the Iowa Department of Transportation

b. Special 35 mph Speed Zone. A speed in excess of thirty-five (35) miles per hour shall be unlawful on any of the following designated streets or parts thereof:

    1. On Highway 34 from Station 415, as designated by the Iowa Department of Transportation, to the east corporate limit of the City.
    2. Iowa Highway 79 from the west corporate limits to its intersection with Highway 34.

 

c. Special 25 mph Speed Zone. A speed in excess of twenty-five (25) miles per hour shall be unlawful on any of the remaining streets or parts thereof in the corporate limits of the City of Middletown, Iowa.

TURNING MOVEMENTS

 

3-3-7 TURNING MARKERS, BUTTONS AND SIGNS. The City Council or City Designee may cause markers, buttons, or signs to be placed within or adjacent to intersections, and thereby require and direct, as traffic conditions require, that a different course from that specified by the State law be traveled by vehicles turning at intersections, and when markers, buttons, or signs are so placed no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other than as directed and required by the markers, buttons, or signs, including right-hand turns at intersections with automatic traffic signals.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.311)

 

3-3-8 AUTHORITY TO PLACE RESTRICTED TURN SIGNS. The City Council or City Designee is authorized to determine those intersections, as traffic conditions require, at which the drivers of vehicles shall not make a right or left turn. The making of turns may be prohibited between certain hours of any day, in which event the same shall be plainly indicated on signs.

 

3-3-9 OBEDIENCE TO NO-TURN SIGNS. Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left turn is permitted, no driver of a vehicle shall disobey the directions of any such signs.

 

3-3-10 "U" TURNS. It shall be unlawful for a driver to make a "U" turn except at an intersection. "U" turns are prohibited at intersections within the business district and at intersections where there are automatic traffic signals.

 

ONE-WAY STREETS AND ALLEYS

 

3-3-11 AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE ONE-WAY STREETS AND ALLEYS. Whenever any traffic Code of this City designates any one-way street or alley the City Council or City Designee shall cause to be placed and maintained signs giving notice thereof and the regulation shall not be effective unless the signs are in place. Signs indicating the direction of traffic movement shall be placed at every intersection where movement of traffic in the opposite direction is prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate any vehicle in violation of markings, signs, barriers or other devices placed in accordance with this section.

 

3-3-12 AUTHORITY TO RESTRICT DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT ON STREETS DURING CERTAIN PERIODS. The City Council or City Designee is authorized to determine and recommend to the Council certain streets, or specified lanes thereon, upon which vehicular traffic shall proceed in one direction during one period and the opposite direction during another period of the day and shall, upon authority given by Ordinance, place and maintain appropriate markings, signs, barriers, or other devices to give notice thereof. The City Council or City Designee may erect signs temporarily designating lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction, regardless of the centerline of the roadway.

 

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate any vehicle in violation of markings, signs, barriers, or other devices placed in accordance with this section.

 

The following streets may have variable laning or direction of traffic at different times of day as marked by authorized signs under the provisions of this section:

 

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

 

3-3-13 THROUGH HIGHWAYS. Streets or portions of streets described below are declared to be through highways:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.345 and 321.350)

 

3-3-14 AUTHORITY TO ERECT STOP SIGNS. Whenever any Ordinance of this City designates and describes a through highway it shall be the duty of the City Council or City Designee to cause to be placed and maintained a stop sign on each and every street intersecting through highway except as modified in the case of intersecting through highways.

 

3-3-15 STOPS AT INTERSECTING THROUGH HIGHWAYS AND OTHER INTERSECTIONS. At the intersections of through highways and at intersections upon streets other than through highways, where, because of heavy cross-traffic or other traffic conditions, particular hazard exists, the City Council or City Designee is hereby authorized to determine whether vehicles shall stop or yield at one or more entrances to the intersection and shall present recommendations to the Council, and, upon approval of the Council, shall erect an appropriate sign at every place where a stop or yield is required.

 

3-3-16 STOP WHEN TRAFFIC IS OBSTRUCTED. Notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed, no driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle.

 

3-3-17 SCHOOL STOPS. When a vehicle approaches an authorized school stop, the driver shall bring the vehicle to a full stop at a point ten feet from the approach side of the crosswalk marked by an authorized school stop sign, and thereafter proceed in a careful and prudent manner until the driver shall have passed such school site.

 

STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES

 

3-3-18 STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES. No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control device.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358)

 

The City Council has determined the following portions of these streets should be designated as No Parking Zones, in addition to those items identified as No Parking Zones above:

 

    1. On any street when greater than one (1) inch of snowfall has occurred;
    2. The east side of Mechanics Street during the period of time from November 1 through April 1, inclusive, annually;
    3. The north side of Washington Street;
    4. On either side of Highway 34, also known as Main Street, through the entire City of Middletown;
    5. The east side of Boundary Avenue north of the Burlington Northern tracks;
    6. The west side of Boundary Avenue south of the Burlington Northern Railroad tracks, to approximately 256 feet north of the intersection with U.S. Highway 34, or what is also known as Main Street; and
    7. On either side of North, Indiana, Iowa, and Parks Streets.

 

3-3-19 AUTHORITY TO PAINT CURBS AND ERECT SIGNS PROHIBITING STANDING OR PARKING. When, because of restricted visibility or when standing or parked vehicles constitute a hazard to moving traffic, or when other traffic conditions require, the City Council or City Designee may cause curbings to be painted with a yellow or orange color and erect "no parking" or "standing" signs. It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to stand or park a vehicle in an area so painted or sign-posted. It shall be unlawful for any person, other than after having first secured the permission of the City Council or City Designee, to paint any curbing, sidewalk or street with yellow or orange colored paint or to erect "no parking" signs.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358(10))

 

3-3-20 AUTHORITY TO IMPOUND VEHICLES. The City’s Designee is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed, a vehicle from a street, public alley, or highway to the nearest garage or other place of safety, or to a garage designated or maintained by the police department, or otherwise maintained by the City, under the following circumstances:

 

1. When a vehicle is upon a roadway and is so disabled as to constitute an obstruction to traffic and the person or persons in charge of the vehicle are by reason of physical injury incapacitated to such an extent as to be unable to provide for its custody or removal.

2. When any vehicle is left unattended upon a street and constitutes a definite hazard or obstruction to the normal movement of traffic.

3. When any vehicle is left parked upon a street for a continuous period of forty-eight hours or more. A diligent effort shall first be made to locate the owner. If the owner is found, the owner shall be given the opportunity to remove the vehicle.

4. When any vehicle is left parked in violation of a ban on parking during a snow emergency as proclaimed by the Mayor or City Designee.

In addition to the penalties hereinafter provided, the owner or driver of any vehicle impounded for violation of any of the provisions of this chapter shall be required to pay the reasonable cost of towing charges and storage.

 

STOPPING, STANDING OR PARKING

 

3-3-21 PARKING SIGNS REQUIRED. Whenever by this or any other chapter of this City Code any parking time limit is imposed or parking is prohibited on designated streets or portions of streets it shall be the duty of the City Council or City Designee to erect appropriate signs giving notice thereof and the regulations shall not be effective unless signs are erected and in place at the time of any alleged offense. When signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall disobey the restrictions stated on such signs.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236)

 

3-3-22 PARKING DURING SNOW EMERGENCY. No person shall park, abandon, or leave unattended any vehicle on any public street, alley, or City-owned off-street parking area during any snow emergency proclaimed by the Mayor unless the snow has been removed or plowed from said street, alley or parking area and the snow has ceased to fall. A snow emergency parking ban shall continue from its proclamation through the duration of the snow or ice storm and the forty-eight hour period after cessation of the storm except as above provided upon streets which have been fully opened.

 

The ban shall be of uniform application and the City Clerk or City Designee is directed to publicize the requirements widely, using all available news media, in early November each year. When predictions or occurrences indicate the need, the Mayor shall proclaim a snow emergency and the City Clerk or City Designee shall inform the news media to publicize the proclamation and the parking rules under the emergency. Such emergency may be extended or shortened when conditions warrant.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236)

 

3-3-23 ALL-NIGHT PARKING PROHIBITED. No person, except physicians or other persons on emergency calls, shall park a vehicle on any street marked to prohibit all night parking and giving notice thereof, for a period of time longer than thirty minutes between the hours of 2 a.m. and 5 a.m. of any day.

 

MISCELLANEOUS DRIVING RULES

 

3-3-24 CLINGING TO VEHICLES. No person shall drive a motor vehicle on the streets of this City unless all passengers of the vehicle are inside the vehicle in the place intended for their accommodation. No person shall ride on the running board of a motor vehicle or in any other place not customarily used for carrying passengers. No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

 

3-3-25 PARKING FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES PROHIBITED. No person shall park a vehicle upon the roadway for the principal purpose of:

 

1. Displaying such vehicle for sale.

2. Displaying advertising.

3. Selling merchandise from the vehicle except in a duly established market place or when so authorized or licensed under the Ordinances of this City.

4. Storage or as junk or dead storage for more than forty-eight hours.

5. Repairing. For lubricating, repairing, or for commercial washing of such vehicle, except such repairs as are necessitated by an emergency.

3-3-26 DRIVING THROUGH FUNERAL OR OTHER PROCESSION. No driver of any vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion and when the vehicles are conspicuously designated as required in this chapter. This provision shall not apply at intersections where traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals.

 

3-3-27 DRIVERS IN A PROCESSION. Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand edge of the roadway as practical and shall follow the vehicle ahead as closely as is practical and safe.

 

3-3-28 FUNERAL PROCESSIONS TO BE IDENTIFIED. A funeral procession composed of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia or by such other method as may be determined and designated by the City Council.

 

3-3-29 LOAD RESTRICTIONS UPON VEHICLES USING CERTAIN STREETS. When signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall operate any vehicle with a gross weight in excess of the amounts specified on the signs at any time upon any of the following streets or parts of streets:

 

3-3-30 TRUCK ROUTES.

 

1. Every motor vehicle weighing five tons or more, when loaded or empty, having no fixed terminal within the City or making no schedule or definite stops within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading, shall travel over or upon the following streets within the City and none other:

Highway 34

Boundary Avenue

2. Any motor vehicle weighing five tons or more, when loaded or empty, having a fixed terminal, making a scheduled or definite stop within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading, shall proceed over or upon the designated routes set out in this section to the nearest point of its scheduled or definite stop and shall proceed thereto, load or unload and return, by the most direct route to its point of departure from the designated route.

3. The owner, or any other person, employing or otherwise directing the driver of any vehicle shall not require or knowingly permit the operation of such vehicle upon a street in any manner contrary to this section.

3-3-31 TEMPORARY EMBARGO. If the Council declares an embargo when it appears by reason of deterioration, rain, snow or other climatic conditions that certain streets will be seriously damaged or destroyed by vehicles weighing in excess of an amount specified by the signs, no such vehicles shall be operated on streets so designated by such signs erected in accordance with Section 3-3-3.

 

3-3-32 PERMITS FOR EXCESS SIZE AND WEIGHT. The Council may, upon application in writing and good cause being shown therefore, issue a special permit in writing authorizing the applicant to operate or move a vehicle or combination of vehicles of a size or weight or load exceeding the maximum specified by State law or City Ordinance over those streets named in the permit which are under the jurisdiction of the City and for which the City is responsible for maintenance.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.473 & 321E.1)

 

SNOWMOBILES AND ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES (ATV’S)

 

3-3-33 SNOWMOBILE AND ALL TERRAIN VEHICLE (ATV) DEFINITIONS.

 

1. "All-terrain vehicle" means a motorized flotation-tire vehicle with not less than three low pressure tires, but not more than six low pressure tires, or a two-wheeled off-road motorcycle, that is limited in engine displacement to less than eight hundred cubic centimeters and in total dry weight to less than seven hundred fifty pounds and that has a seat or saddle designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering control. Two-wheeled off-road motorcycles shall be considered all-terrain vehicles only for the purpose of titling and registration and not for purposes of regulation.

2. "Snowmobile" means a self-propelled vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice in a natural terrain steered by wheels, skis or runners.

3. "Operate" means to control the operation of a snowmobile and/or ATV.

4. "Operator" means a person who operates or is in actual control of a snowmobile and/or ATV.

3-3-34 PERMITTED AREAS OF OPERATION. Snowmobiles and/or ATV’s will be allowed to operate in the City as follows:

 

The route established herein shall be the only permitted snowmobile route and the snowmobiles shall be operated within the roadways of said public streets and shall also be subject to the following regulations.

 

3-3-35 REGULATIONS. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a snowmobile and/or ATV under the following circumstances:

 

1. On private property of another without the express permission to do so by the owner or occupant of said property.

2. On public school grounds, park property, playgrounds, recreational areas and golf courses without express permission to do so by the proper public authority.

3. In a manner so as to create loud, unnecessary or unusual noise so as to disturb or interfere with the peace and quiet of other persons.

4. In a careless, reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the safety of any person or property of any other person.

5. Without having such snowmobile and/or ATV registered as provided for by Iowa Statute except that this provision shall not apply to the operation of a snowmobile on the private property of the owner by the owner or a member of his immediate family.

6. Within the right-of-way of any public street or alley within the City unless the operator shall have a valid driver's license; or an instruction permit and accompanied by a qualified licensed driver.

7. No person shall operate a snowmobile and/or ATV in the City from eleven o'clock (11:00) p.m. to eight o'clock (8:00) a.m., except for the purpose of loading and unloading a snowmobile from another vehicle or trailer with the exception of an emergency situation.

3-3-36 EQUIPMENT REQUIRED. All snowmobiles and/or ATV’s operated within the City shall have the following equipment:

 

1. Mufflers which are properly attached and which reduce the noise of operation of the vehicle to the minimum noise necessary for operating the vehicle and no person shall use a muffler cut-out, by-pass or similar device on said vehicle.

2. Adequate brakes in good condition and at least one headlight and one taillight.

3. A safety or so-called "dead-man" throttle in operating condition; a safety or "dead-man" throttle is defined as a device which when pressure is removed from the accelerator or throttle causes the motor to be disengaged from the driving track.

3-3-37 UNATTENDED VEHICLES. It is unlawful for the owner or operator to leave or allow a snowmobile and/or ATV to be or remain unattended on public property while the motor is running or the key left in the ignition.

 

3-3-38 RESTRICTION OF OPERATION. The City Council may, by resolution, prohibit the operation of snowmobiles and/or ATV’s within the right-of-way of the public roads, streets or alley or other City property within the City when the public safety and welfare so requires.

 

3-3-39 TRAFFIC REGULATION. Each person operating a snowmobile and/or ATV shall strictly observe all traffic signs and signals and all other traffic rules and regulations applicable thereto, and shall obey the orders and directions of any police officer of the City authorized to direct or regulate traffic.

 

PARADES REGULATED

 

3-3-40 PARADES REGULATED. No person shall conduct or cause any parade on any street except as provided herein:

 

    1. Parade defined. Parade means any march or procession of persons or vehicles organized for marching or moving on the streets in an organized fashion or manner or any march or procession of persons or vehicles represented or advertised to the public as a parade. Responsible parties will maintain control and clean up after animals participating in the parade.
    2. Permit Required. No parade shall be conducted without first obtaining a written permit from the Council. Such permit shall state the time and date for the parade to be held and the streets or general route therefore. Such written permit granted to the person organizing or sponsoring the parade shall be permission for all participants therein to parade when participants have been invited by the permittee to participate therein. No fee shall be required for such permit.
    3. Parade Not a Street Obstruction. Any parade for which a permit has been issued as herein required, and the persons lawfully participating therein, shall not be deemed an obstruction of the streets notwithstanding the provisions of any other ordinance to the contrary.
    4. Control by Police and Fire Fighters. Persons participating in any parade shall at all times be subject to the lawful orders and directions in the performance of their duties of law enforcement personnel and members of the fire department.

 

PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE ON ARREST

 

3-3-41 CITATION PLACED ON ILLEGALLY PARKED VEHICLE. Whenever any motor vehicle without a driver is found parked or stopped in violation of any of the restrictions imposed by any Ordinance of this City or State law, the officer finding such vehicle shall prepare a written parking citation giving the registration number, and other identifying information to such vehicle in a conspicuous place and directing the driver of the vehicle to appear at the place designated in the citation within seven days, or to pay the local scheduled fine established by the section titled "LOCAL PARKING FINES" in this chapter at the City Clerk's office as provided therein.

 

3-3-42 PRESUMPTION IN REFERENCE TO ILLEGAL PARKING. In any prosecution charging a violation of any parking Ordinance or State law governing the standing, stopping, or parking of a vehicle, proof that the particular vehicle described in the complaint was parked in violation of any such Ordinance or law, together with proof that the defendant named in the complaint was at the time of such parking violation the registered owner of such vehicle, shall constitute prima facie evidence that the registered owner of such vehicle was the person who parked or placed such vehicle at the point where, and for the time during which such violation occurred.

 

3-3-43 LOCAL PARKING FINES. Scheduled fines as follows are established, payable by mail or in person at the City Clerk's office within seven days of the violation, for the following parking violations:

 

1. Overtime parking $ 25.00

2. Prohibited parking $ 25.00

3. No parking zone $ 25.00

4. Blocking alley $ 25.00

5. Illegal parking $ 25.00

6. Street cleaning $ 25.00

7. Snow removal ban $ 25.00

8. Persons with disabilities parking $100.00

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321L.4(2))

 

3-3-44 FAILURE TO PAY PARKING CITATIONS. If a violator of the restrictions on stopping, standing, or parking under the parking Ordinances of this City fails to make payment of the scheduled fine as specified on a parking citation affixed to such motor vehicle within the seven days, the City shall send the owner of the motor vehicle to which the parking citation was affixed a letter informing the owner of the violation and warning that in the event such letter is disregarded for a period of five days from date of mailing, a court citation will be issued requiring a court appearance and subjecting the violator to court costs.

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

 

CHAPTER 4 CURFEW FOR MINORS

 

 

3-4-1 Preamble

3-4-2 Findings and Purpose

3-4-3 Definitions

3-4-4 Offenses

3-4-5 Defenses

3-4-6 Enforcement

3-4-7 Penalty, Municipal Infraction

 

 

3-4-1 PREAMBLE. The City of Middletown recognizes that all citizens including minors have certain inalienable rights and that among them are the rights of liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Further, all citizens including minors have the right to freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and of association. This section should be interpreted to avoid any construction that would result in the appearance of interference with the free exercise of religious worship and political association and this Ordinance shall not be construed to mean that the City intends to interfere with a minor's freedom of association for political, economic, religious, or cultural matters or association for purposes such as marches, demonstrations, picketing, or prayer vigils which are otherwise lawful and peaceful assemblies.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.1)

 

3-4-2 FINDINGS AND PURPOSE. The City Council has determined that there has been an increase in juvenile violence and crime by persons under the age of 17 in the City of Middletown; and

 

Persons under the age of 17 are particularly susceptible by their lack of maturity and experience to participate in unlawful and gang-related activities and to be victims of older perpetrators of crime; and

 

The City of Middletown has an obligation to provide for the protection of minors from each other and from other persons, for the enforcement of parental control over and responsibility for children, for the protection of the general public, and for the reduction of the incidence of juvenile criminal activities.

 

3-4-3 DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:

 

1. Curfew hours means 11:01 p.m. until 5:00 a.m.

2. Emergency means an unforseen combination of circumstances or the resulting state that calls for immediate action. The term includes, but is not limited to, a fire, a natural disaster, an automobile accident, or any situation requiring immediate action to prevent serious bodily injury or loss of life.

3. Establishment means any privately-owned place of business operated for a profit to which the public is invited, including but not limited to any place of amusement or entertainment.

4. Guardian means:

a. A person who, under court order, is the guardian of the person of a minor; or

b. A public or private agency with whom a minor has been placed by a court.

5. Minor means any person under age 17 years of age.

6. Operator means any individual, firm, association, partnership, or corporation operating, managing, or conducting any establishment. The term includes the members or partners of an association or partnership and the officers of a corporation.

7. Parent means a person who is:

a. A biological parent, adoptive parent, or step-parent of another person; or

b. At least 18 years of age and authorized by a parent or guardian to have the care and custody of a minor.

8. Public place means any place to which the public or a substantial group of the public has access and includes, but is not limited to, streets, highways, and the common areas of schools, hospitals, apartment houses, office buildings, transport facilities, parks, and shops.

9. Remain means to:

a. Linger or stay; or

b. Fail to leave premises when requested to do so by a police officer or the owner, operator, or other person in control of the premises.

10. Serious Bodily Injury means bodily injury that creates a substantial risk of death or that causes death, serious permanent disfigurement, or protracted loss of impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.

3-4-4 OFFENSES.

 

1. A minor commits an offense if the minor remains in any public place or on the premises of any establishment within the City during curfew hours.

2. A parent or guardian of a minor commits an offense if they knowingly permit, or by insufficient control allow, the minor to remain in any public place or on the premises of any establishment within the City during curfew hours.

3. The owner, operator, or any employee of an establishment commits an offense if they knowingly allow a minor to remain upon the premises of the establishment during curfew hours.

3-4-5 DEFENSES.

 

1. It is a defense to prosecution under this chapter that the minor was:

a. Accompanied by the minor's parent or guardian;

b. On an errand at the direction of the minor's parent or guardian, without any detour or stop;

c. In a motor vehicle involved in interstate and/or intrastate travel;

d. Engaged in an employment activity, or going to or returning home from an employment activity, without any detour or stop;

e. Involved in an emergency;

f. On the sidewalk abutting the minor's residence or abutting the residence of a next-door neighbor if the neighbor did not complain to the police department about the minor's presence;

g. Attending an official school, religious, or other recreational activity supervised by adults or sponsored by the City of Middletown, a civic organization, or another similar entity that takes responsibility for the minor, or going to or returning home without any detour or stop, an official school, religious, or other recreational activity supervised by adults or sponsored by the City of Middletown, a civic organization, or another similar entity that takes responsibility for the minor; or

    1. Exercising First Amendment rights protected by the United States Constitution, such as the free exercise of religion, freedom of speech, and the right of assembly;

 

2. It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection 3-4-4(3) that the owner, operator, or employee of an establishment promptly notified the police department that a minor was present on the premises of the establishment during curfew hours and refused to leave.

3-4-6 ENFORCEMENT.

 

1. Before taking any enforcement action under this section, a police officer shall ask the apparent offender's age and reason for being in the public place. The officer shall not issue a citation or make an arrest under this section unless the officer reasonably believes that an offense has occurred and that, based on any response and other circumstances, no defense in Section 3-4-5 is present.

2. A minor who is in violation of this Ordinance shall be reunited with the minor's parent or guardian or custodian or other adult taking the place of the parent or shall be taken home by the law enforcement personnel for the City of Middletown.

3-4-7 PENALTY, MUNICIPAL INFRACTION. The violation of this chapter shall be punished by the following penalties:

 

First offense—Not more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00)

 

Second offense—Not more than fifty dollars ($50.00)

 

All other repeat offenses—Not more than one hundred dollars ($100.00)

 

 

"Editor's Note: The courts have carefully scrutinized curfew Ordinances and before enacting such an Ordinance, you should consult with your City Attorney. See Maquoketa v. Russell, 484 NW2d, 179 (Iowa 1992) and Quit v. Strauss, 8 F2d 260 (1993)."

 

 

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 5 REGULATING PEDDLERS, SOLICITORS AND TRANSIENT MERCHANTS

 

 

3-5-1 Definitions

3-5-2 Exemptions

3-5-3 Permits

3-5-4 Requirements

3-5-5 Hours of Solicitation

3-5-6 Consumer Protection Law

3-5-7 Bond Required

      1. Obstruction of Pedestrian or Vehicular Traffic
      2. Display of Permit
      3. Permit Not Transferable
      4. Revocation of Permit

 

 

3-5-1 DEFINITIONS. For use in this chapter, the following terms are defined as follows:

 

1. A "peddler" is any person carrying or transporting goods or merchandise who sells or offers for sale for immediate delivery such goods or merchandise from house-to-house or upon the public street.

2. A "solicitor" is any person who solicits or attempts to solicit from house-to-house or upon public streets orders for commercial goods, wares, subscriptions, publications, periodicals, merchandise, or services to be delivered or fulfilled at a future date.

For the purposes of this chapter, "solicitor" does not include a person who contacts another person at such person's residence without prior invitation to enlist support for or against, or solicit funds for patriotic, philanthropic, charitable, political, or religious purposes, whether or not there is an incidental purpose involving the sale of some goods or service.

 

3. A "transient merchant" includes every merchant, whether an individual person, a firm, corporation, partnership, or association, who brings or causes to be brought within the municipality any goods, wares, or merchandise of any kind, nature, or description, with the intention of temporarily or intermittently selling or offering to sell at retail such goods, wares, or merchandise. Temporary association with a local merchant, dealer, trader, or auctioneer, for conducting such transient business in connection with, as part of, or in the name of any local merchant, dealer, trader, or auctioneer, does not exempt any such person, firm, or corporation from being considered a transient merchant.

The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to apply to persons selling at wholesale to merchants, nor to persons running a huckster wagon, or selling or distributing livestock feeds, fresh meats, fish, fruit, or vegetables, nor to persons selling their own work or production either by themselves or their employees.

 

3-5-2 EXEMPTIONS. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to nonprofit civic, charitable, religious, or educational groups engaged in retail sale for the purposes of fund raising.

 

3-5-3 PERMITS. Before any person or organization engages in any of the practices defined herein, they must comply with all applicable Ordinances, and must also obtain from the City Clerk a permit in accordance with the provisions of sections 3-5-4 and 3-5-5. This permit shall extend no longer than sixty days. A fee of $50.00 shall be paid at the time of registration to cover the cost of investigation and issuance.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 9C.2)

 

3-5-4 REQUIREMENTS. Any applicant engaged in any activity described in 3-5-1 of this chapter must file with the City Clerk an application in writing that gives the following information:

 

1. Name and social security number.

2. Permanent and local addresses and, in case of transient merchants, the local address from which proposed sales will be made.

3. A brief description of the nature of the sales method.

4. Name and address of the firm for or on whose behalf the orders are solicited, or the supplier of the goods offered for sale.

5. Length of time for which the permit is desired.

6. A statement as to whether or not the applicant has been convicted of any crime, and if so, the date, the nature of the offense, and the name of the court imposing the penalty.

7. Motor vehicle make, model, year, color, and registration number, if a vehicle is to be used in the proposed solicitation.

3-5-5 HOURS OF SOLICITATION. No person may conduct those activities described in Section 3-5-1 except between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on each day, and no solicitation shall be done on Sundays or legal holidays.

 

3-5-6 CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW. All solicitors and peddlers shall be informed of, agree to comply with, and comply with the State law, Section 555A.3, Code of Iowa, requiring a notice of cancellation to be given in duplicate, properly filled out, to each buyer to whom such person sells a product or service and, comply with the other requirements of the law.

 

3-5-7 BOND REQUIRED. Before a permit under this chapter is issued, each person subject to this Ordinance shall post with the Clerk, a bond, by a surety company authorized to insure the fidelity of others in Iowa, in the amount of $1,000 to the effect that the registrant and the surety consent to the forfeiture of the principal sum of the bond or such part thereof as may be necessary: (1) to indemnify the City for any penalties or costs occasioned by the enforcement of this chapter, and (2) to make payment of any judgment rendered against the registrant as a result of a claim or litigation arising out of or in connection with the registrant's peddling or solicitation. The bond shall not be retired until one year from the expiration of the permit.

 

3-5-8 OBSTRUCTION OF PEDESTRIAN OR VEHICULAR TRAFFIC. No person, while engaged in any of the practices described in Section 3-5-1, shall block or obstruct the path of any pedestrian or vehicular traffic, or block or obstruct any way of ingress or egress to roads, buildings, or other enclosures or conveyances, including, but not limited to, vehicles, elevators, and escalators.

 

3-5-9 DISPLAY OF PERMIT. Each solicitor or peddler shall at all times while doing business in this City keep in his or her possession the permit provided for in Section 3-5-3 of this Chapter, and shall, upon the request of prospective customers, exhibit the permit as evidence that he or she has complied with all requirements of this Chapter. Each transient merchant shall display publicly the permit in his or her place of business.

 

3-5-10 PERMIT NOT TRANSFERABLE. Permits issued under the provisions of this Chapter are not transferable in any situation and are to be applicable only to the person filing the application.

 

3-5-11 REVOCATION OF PERMIT. The City Council after notice and hearing, may revoke any permit issued under this Ordinance where the permitee in the application for the permit or in the course of conducting his or her business has made fraudulent or incorrect statements or has violated this Ordinance or has otherwise conducted his or her business in an unlawful manner.

 

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 6 CIGARETTE LICENSE

 

 

3-6-1 Definitions

3-6-2 Permit Required

3-6-3 Issuance

3-6-4 Expiration

3-6-5 Fees

3-6-6 Refunds

3-6-7 Suspension; Revocation; Civil Penalty

3-6-8 Permits not Transferable

3-6-9 Display

3-6-10 Persons Under Legal Age

 

 

3-6-1 DEFINITIONS. For use in this chapter the following terms are defined as follows:

 

1. "Cigarette" means any roll for smoking made wholly or in part of tobacco or any substitute for tobacco, irrespective of size or shape and irrespective of tobacco or any substitute for tobacco being flavored, adulterated, or mixed with any other ingredient, where such roll has a wrapper or cover made of paper or any other material. However, this definition shall not be construed to include cigars.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.1(2))

 

2. "Retailer" means and includes every person in this State who sells, distributes, or offers for sale for consumption, or possess for the purpose of sale for consumption, cigarettes irrespective of quality or amount or the number of sales.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.1(19))

 

3. "Place of business" means and includes any place where cigarettes are sold or where cigarettes are stored, within or without the State of Iowa, by the holder of an Iowa permit or kept for the purpose of sale or consumption; or if sold from any vehicle or train, the vehicle or train on which or from which such cigarettes are sold shall constitute a place of business.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.1(17))

 

4. "Tobacco Products" means the following: cigars; little cigars; cheroots; stogies; periques; granulated, plug cut, crimp cut, ready rubbed and other smoking tobacco; snuff; snuff flour; cavendish; plug and twist tobacco; fine cut and other chewing tobaccos; shorts or refuse scraps, clippings, cuttings and sweepings of tobacco; and other kinds and forms of tobacco prepared in such manner as to be suitable for chewing or smoking in a pipe or otherwise, or for both chewing and smoking, but does not mean cigarettes.

3-6-2 PERMIT REQUIRED. No retailer shall distribute, sell, or solicit the sale of any cigarettes within the City of Middletown, Iowa, without a valid permit for each place of business. The permit shall be displayed publicly in the place of business so that it can be seen easily by the public.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13)

 

3-6-3 ISSUANCE. The City Council shall issue or renew a permit, upon a determination that such issuance or renewal will not be detrimental to the public health, safety, or morals, when a retailer who is not a minor has filed with the City Clerk a completed application on forms provided by the State Department of Revenue and Finance and accompanied by the fee provided in Section 3-6-5.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13(2)(a))

 

3-6-4 EXPIRATION. Permits expire on June 30 of each year.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13(3))

 

3-6-5 FEES. The fee for permits issued or renewed in July, August, or September is $75.00. The fee for permits issued in October, November, or December is $56.25; in January, February or March, $37.50; and in April, May or June, $18.75.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13(3))

 

3-6-6 REFUNDS. A retailer may surrender an unrevoked permit in July, August, or September for a refund of $56.25; in October, November, or December, for $37.50; or in January, February, or March, for $18.75.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13(4))

 

3-6-7 SUSPENSION; REVOCATION; CIVIL PENALTY.

 

1. If a retailer or employee of a retailer has violated Section 453A.2, 453A.36, subsection 6 or 453A.39, Code of Iowa, the City Council, in addition to the other penalties fixed for such violations in this section, shall assess a penalty after giving the permit holder an opportunity to be heard, upon ten (10) days written notice, stating the reasons for the contemplated action and the time and place at which the person may appear and be heard, as follows:

a. For a first violation, the retailer shall be assessed a civil penalty in the amount of three hundred dollars ($300.00). Failure to pay the civil penalty as ordered under this subsection shall result in automatic suspension of the permit for a period of fourteen (14) days.

b. For a second violation within a period of two (2) years, the retailer's permit shall be suspended for a period of thirty (30) days.

c. For a third violation within a period of three (3) years, the retailer's permit shall be suspended for a period of sixty (60) days.

d. For a fourth violation within a period of three (3) years, the retailer's permit shall be revoked.

2. If a retail permit is suspended or revoked under this section, the suspension or revocation shall only apply to the place of business at which the violation occurred and shall not apply to any other place of business to which the retail permit applies but at which the violation did not occur.

3. The City Clerk shall report the suspension or revocation of a retail permit under this section to the Iowa Department of Public Health within thirty (30) days of the suspension or revocation of any retail permit.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.22)

 

3-6-8 PERMITS NOT TRANSFERABLE. A permit shall not be transferable to another place of business or retailer. However, if a retailer who holds a valid permit moves the place of business, the City Council, if it decides to issue a new permit for the new place of business, shall not charge any additional fee for the unexpired term of the original permit if the retailer has not received a refund for surrender of the original permit.

 

3-6-9 DISPLAY. The permit shall be displayed in the place of business so that it can be seen easily by the public.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 453A.13(10))

 

3-6-10 PERSONS UNDER LEGAL AGE. No person shall sell, give or otherwise supply any tobacco, tobacco products or cigarettes to any person under eighteen (18) years of age. The provision of this section includes prohibiting a minor from purchasing cigarettes or tobacco products from a vending machine.

(Code of Iowa, Sec 453A.2)

 

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 7 ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES

 

 

3-7-1 Purpose

3-7-2 Required Obedience to Provisions of this Chapter and State Law

3-7-3 Action by Council

3-7-4 Transfers

3-7-5 Open Alcoholic Beverage Containers

 

3-7-1 PURPOSE. The purpose of this chapter is to provide for administration of licenses and permits and for local regulations and procedures for the conduct of the sale and consumption of beer, wine, and liquor, for the protection of the safety, health, and general welfare of this community.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.1)

 

3-7-2 REQUIRED OBEDIENCE TO PROVISIONS OF THIS CHAPTER AND STATE LAW. The following sections of the Iowa Code are hereby adopted by reference:

 

1. 123.2 and 123.3 General Prohibition and Definitions

2. 123.18 Favors From Licensee or Permittee

3. 123.22 State Monopoly

4. 123.28 Open Alcoholic Beverage Containers

5. 123.30 Liquor Control Licenses - Classes

6. 123.31 Application Contents

7. 123.33 Records

8. 123.34 Expiration - License or Permit

9. 123.35 Simplified Renewal Procedure

10. 123.36 Liquor Fees - Sunday Sales

11. 123.38 Nature of Permit or License - Surrender - Transfer

12. 123.39 Suspension or Revocation of License or Permit - Civil Penalty

13. 123.40 Effect of Revocation

14. 123.44 Gifts of Liquors Prohibited

15. 123.46 Consumption in Public Places - Intoxication - Right to Chemical Test -

Exoneration

16. 123.47 Persons Under Legal Age - Penalty

17. 123.49 Miscellaneous Prohibitions

18. 123.50 Criminal and Civil Penalties

19. 123.51 Advertisements for Alcoholic Liquor, Wine or Beer

20. 123.52 Prohibited Sale

21. 123.90 Penalties Generally

22. 123.95 Premises Must Be Licensed - Exception as to Conventions and Social

Gatherings

23. 123.122 through 123.145 Beer Provisions (Division II)

24. 123.150 Sunday Sales Before New Year's Day

25. 123.171 through 123.182 Wine Provisions (Division V)

26. 321.284 Open Containers in Motor Vehicles - Drivers

27. 321.284A Open Containers in Motor Vehicles - Passengers

3-7-3 ACTION BY COUNCIL. The City Council shall approve or disapprove the application. Action taken by the City Council shall be endorsed on the application. The application, fee, penal bond, and certificate of dram shop liability insurance (if applicable) shall be forwarded to the Iowa alcoholic beverages division for further action as provided by law.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 123.32(2))

 

3-7-4 TRANSFERS. The City Council may, in its discretion, authorize a licensee or permittee to transfer the license or permit from one location to another within the City, provided that the premises to which the transfer is to be made would have been eligible for a license or permit in the first instance and the transfer will not result in the violation of any law or Ordinance. An applicant for a transfer shall file with the application for transfer proof of dram shop liability insurance and penal bond covering the premises to which the license is to be transferred.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 123.38)

 

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 8 JUNK AND ABANDONED VEHICLES

 

 

3-8-1 Purpose

3-8-2 Definitions

3-8-3 Removal of Abandoned Vehicles

3-8-4 Notification of Owners and Lienholders

3-8-5 Impoundment Fees and Bonds

3-8-6 Hearing Procedures

3-8-7 Auction or Disposal of Abandoned Vehicles

3-8-8 Junk Vehicles Declared a Nuisance

3-8-9 Notice to Abate

3-8-10 Abatement by Municipality

3-8-11 Collection of Cost of Abatement

3-8-12 Exceptions

3-8-13 Interference with Enforcement

 

 

3-8-1 PURPOSE. The purpose of this chapter is to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the citizens and safety of property of this City by providing for removal of abandoned motor vehicles and the elimination of the open storage of abandoned and junk motor vehicles and machinery except in authorized places.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.1)

 

3-8-2 DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms are defined as follows:

 

1. "Abandoned vehicle" means any of the following:

a. A vehicle that has been left unattended on public property for more than twenty-four hours and lacks current registration plates or two or more wheels or other parts which render the vehicle totally inoperable; or

b. A vehicle that has remained illegally on public property for more than twenty-four hours; or

c. A vehicle that has been unlawfully parked on private property or has been placed on private property without the consent of the owner or person in control of the property for more than twenty-four hours; or

d. A vehicle that has been legally impounded by order of the City Designee and has not been reclaimed for a period of ten days; or

e. Any vehicle parked on the street determined by the City Designee to create a hazard to other vehicular traffic.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(1)(b))

 

2. "Private property" means any real property within the City which is not public property as defined in this section.

3. "Public property" means any public right-of-way open for the purposes of vehicular travel.

4. "Junk" means all old or scrap copper, brass, lead, or any other non-ferrous metal; old or discarded rope, rages, batteries, paper, trash, rubber, debris, waste or used lumber, or salvaged wood; dismantled vehicles, machinery and appliances or parts of such vehicles, machinery or appliances; iron, steel or other old or scrap ferrous materials; old or discarded glass, tinware, plastic or old or discarded household goods or hardware. Neatly stacked firewood located on a side yard or a rear yard shall not be considered junk.

5. A "junk vehicle" means any unlicensed vehicle stored within the corporate limits of the City of Middletown, Iowa, and which has any one of the following characteristics:

a. Any vehicle with a broken or cracked windshield, or window or headlight or any other cracked or broken glass.

b. Any vehicle with a broken or loose fender, door or bumper or hood or door handle or window handle or steering wheel, trunk top or trunk handle or tail pipe.

c. Any vehicle which has become the habitat of rats, mice, or snakes, or any other vermin or insects.

d. Any vehicle which contains gasoline or any other flammable fuel.

e. Any motor vehicle if it lacks an engine or two or more wheels or other structural parts which render said motor vehicle totally inoperable.

f. Any other vehicle which, because of its defective or obsolete condition, in any other way constitutes a threat to the public health and safety.

(Cedar Falls v. Flett 330 N.W. 2nd 251, 253, Iowa 1983)

 

5. "Vehicle" means every device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway or street, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, and shall include without limitation a motor vehicle, automobile, truck, trailer, motorcycle, tractor, buggy, wagon, farm machinery, or any combination thereof.

3-8-3 REMOVAL OF ABANDONED VEHICLES.

 

1. The City Designee may, without prior notice or hearing, remove and impound any abandoned vehicle as defined in section 3-8-2 (1). The City Designee may hire other personnel, equipment, and facilities for the purpose of removing, preserving, storing, or disposing of abandoned vehicles.

2. The impoundment and storage of all vehicles pursuant to this chapter shall be in such areas or places designated by the City Designee.

3. When a vehicle is taken into custody and impounded under the provisions of this chapter, the City Designee shall maintain a record of the vehicle, listing the color, year of manufacture, manufacturer's trade name, body style, vehicle identification number, and license plate and year displayed on the vehicle. The records shall include the date and hour of tow, location towed from, location towed to, person or firm doing the towing, reason for towing, and the name of the officer authorizing the tow.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(2))

 

4. Nothing in this chapter shall govern the procedures of any police officer in taking into custody and impounding any vehicle to be used or proposed to be used as evidence in a criminal case involving crimes other than violations of this chapter.

3-8-4 NOTIFICATION OF OWNERS AND LIENHOLDERS.

 

1. When a vehicle is taken into custody under the provisions of this chapter or under any provisions of State law, the City Designee shall notify, within three days, by certified mail with five-days return receipt, the last known registered owner of the vehicle, all lienholders of record, and any other known claimant to the vehicle or to personal property found in the vehicle, addressed to their last known addresses of record, that the abandoned vehicle has been taken into custody. Notice shall be deemed given when mailed. The notice shall:

a. Describe the year, make, model, and serial number of the vehicle (VIN).

b. Describe the personal property found in the vehicle.

c. Describe the location of the facility where the vehicle is being held.

d. Inform the persons receiving notice:

(1) of their right to reclaim the vehicle and personal property within ten days after the effective date of the notice;

(2) that the right can be exercised upon payment of all towing, preservation, notice, and storage charges resulting from placing the vehicle in custody;

(3) that failure of the owner or lienholders to exercise their right to reclaim the vehicle within the reclaiming period shall be deemed a waiver by the owner and all lienholders of all right, title, claim, and interest in the vehicle;

(4) that failure to reclaim the vehicle is deemed consent to the sale of the vehicle at a public auction or disposal of the vehicle to a demolisher.

e. State that any person claiming rightful possession of the vehicle or personal property who disputes the planned disposition of the vehicle or personal property by the City Designee or the assessment of fees and charges provided by this chapter may request a hearing to contest these matters in accordance with the provisions of Section 3-8-6.

f. State that a request for a hearing must be in writing and received by the department prior to the expiration of the ten day reclaiming period.

g. State that in the event a hearing is requested immediate release of the vehicle may be obtained by posting a cash bond as required by Section 3-10-5.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3)(a))

 

2. The owner or any person receiving notice may, by written request received by the City Designee prior to the expiration of the ten day reclaiming period, obtain an additional fourteen days within which the vehicle may be reclaimed.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3)(c))

 

3. Notice by one publication in one newspaper of general circulation in the area where the vehicle was abandoned shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of this chapter. The published notice may contain multiple listings of abandoned vehicles but shall be published within the same time requirements and shall contain the same information as prescribed for mailed notice in this section. Published notice shall be used if:

a. the identity of the last registered owner cannot be determined, or

b. the registration contains no address for the owner, or

c. it is impossible to determine with reasonable certainty the identity and address of all lienholders.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3)(b))

 

4. If the persons receiving notice do not request a hearing or exercise their right to reclaim the vehicle or personal property within the reclaiming period, the owner of the vehicle or owners of the personal property shall no longer have any right, title, claim, or interest in or to the vehicle.

5. No court in any case in law or equity shall recognize any right, title, claim, or interest of the owner and lienholders after the ten day reclaiming period.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3))

 

 

 

 

3-8-5 IMPOUNDMENT FEES AND BOND.

 

1. Before the owner or other person lawfully entitled to possession of any vehicle that has been impounded under the provisions of this chapter or any other provision of law may recover such vehicle, such person shall present to the City Designee evidence of such person's identity and right to possession of the vehicle, shall sign a receipt for its return, and shall pay the costs of:

a. an impoundment fee $50.00

b. towing charges $50.00

c. preservation charges (As incurred)

d. storage charges $10.00 per day

e. notice charges (As incurred)

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3)(a))

 

2. The amount of the charges specified in a-e shall be set by the City Council. The notice charges shall be limited to the actual cost.

3. If a hearing is requested under Section 3-8-4 (1)(e), the owner or person lawfully entitled to possession of the vehicle shall be permitted to secure the immediate release of the vehicle upon posting a cash bond in an amount equal to the sum of:

a. the fees required by Section 3-8-5(1)

b. the amount of the fine or penalty for each violation for which there is an outstanding or otherwise unsettled traffic violation notice or warrant.

3-8-6 HEARING PROCEDURES.

 

1. The registered owner, any lienholder of record, or duly authorized agents thereof, may object to the legality of the impoundment or the assessment of fees and request a hearing thereon. No person shall be entitled to more than one hearing on each impoundment. Upon receipt of a timely objection to the impoundment, the objector shall be informed of the reason for the impoundment and a hearing shall be held, without unnecessary delay, before the City Council pursuant to 1-4-1 at seq.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(3))

 

3-8-7 AUCTION OR DISPOSAL OF ABANDONED VEHICLES. The City Designee shall follow the procedures in State law for the auction or disposal of abandoned vehicles.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89(4))

 

3-8-8 JUNK VEHICLES DECLARED A NUISANCE. Except as hereinafter provided, it is hereby declared that the parking, leaving, or storage of a junk vehicle upon either public or private property within the corporate limits of the City of Middletown, Iowa, constitutes a threat to the health and safety of the citizens and is a nuisance within the meaning of Section 657.1 of the Code of Iowa. If any junk vehicle is stored upon private property or public property in violation thereof, the owner of the property shall be liable for said violation.

 

3-8-9 NOTICE TO ABATE.

 

1. Whenever the City Designee shall find a junk vehicle placed or stored on private property within the City in violation of Section 3-8-8, the City Designee shall notify, by certified mail with five days' return receipt, the following persons:

a. the owner of the property.

b. the occupant of the property.

2. The notice to abate shall:

a. describe, to the extent possible, the year, make, model, and color of the vehicle.

b. describe the location of the vehicle.

c. state that the vehicle constitutes a nuisance under the provisions of this chapter.

d. state that the owner of the property shall remove or repair the said junk vehicle within ten days.

3-8-10 ABATEMENT BY MUNICIPALITY. If the person notified to abate a nuisance or condition neglects or fails to abate as directed, the City may perform the required action to abate, keeping an accurate account of the expense incurred. The itemized expense account shall be filed with the City Clerk who shall pay such expenses on behalf of the municipality.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-8-11 COLLECTION OF COST OF ABATEMENT. The Clerk shall mail a statement of the total expense incurred to the property owner who has failed to abide by the notice to abate, and if the amount shown by the statement has not been paid within one month, the Clerk shall certify the costs to the County Treasurer and the costs shall then be collected with, and in the same manner, as general property taxes.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 364.12(3)(h))

 

3-8-12 EXCEPTIONS. This chapter shall not apply to the following:

 

1. A vehicle in an enclosed building.

2. A vehicle on the premises of a business enterprise operated in a district properly zoned therefore, as authorized under the Zoning Ordinance or restricted residence district of this City, when necessary to the operation of said business enterprise.

3. A vehicle in an appropriate storage space or depository maintained in a lawful place and lawful manner by this City.

3-8-13 INTERFERENCE WITH ENFORCEMENT. No person shall interfere in any way with the enforcement provision of this chapter.

 

 

 

 

 

TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

 

CHAPTER 9 CITY PARK REGULATIONS

 

 

      1. Application of this Chapter
      2. Unlawful Practices
      3. Closing Hours, No Overnight Parking
      4. Penalty, Municipal Infraction
      5. Notice Requirements

 

 

3-9-1 APPLICATION OF THIS CHAPTER. Except as otherwise provided, this chapter and its provisions shall govern the conduct of all persons in or upon all public parks with the City.

 

3-9-2 UNLAWFUL PRACTICES. It shall be unlawful for any person to do any of the following acts in the parks of the city.

 

    1. To light or make fire without the permission of the City Council or its designee outside of public areas established and designated for the purpose of lighting and making fire;
    2. To use, display or possess firearms, explosives or weapons of any character upon any park grounds;
    3. To use, promote, or cause any loud, violent, obscene or profane language while on park grounds;
    4. To conduct oneself in a disorderly or obscene manner, or commit a nuisance within the parks of the City;
    5. To scatter litter, paper, refuse or any form of waste material upon park grounds or failing to deposit all litter, papers, and refuse in any form within the garbage receptacles provided therefore;
    6. To conduct picnic parties, assemblages of persons, or entertainment in areas not specifically designated for the purpose of conducting picnic parties, assemblages of persons, or entertainments, without the consent of the City Council or its designee;
    7. To enter upon portions of the park in disregard of signs or posted notices forbidding such entrance;
    8. To post, paste, paint or affix any placard, bill, notice or sign any structure or thing within any park, or upon any fence, post or enclosure thereof without consent of the City Council or its designee;
    9. To distribute circulars, cards, or any other printed or written matter within any park without consent of the City Council or its designee;
    10. To drive any commercial vehicle within any park without of the City Council or its designee.
    11. To ride or drive any animal or vehicle within any park outside of the areas specifically designated for riding or driving any animal or vehicle without consent of the City Council or its designee;
    12. To deface or injure any building, structure, bench, table, equipment, apparatus, tree, shrub or plant placed, standing or growing within any park;
    13. To possess, use or consume alcoholic liquor or beer within any park.

 

3-9-3 CLOSING HOURS, NO OVERNIGHT CAMPING. All public parks within the City are closed to the public between ten (10) p.m. and eight (8) a.m. All persons in such parks at the stated closing hours must promptly leave and no one shall enter or remain in the parks during the hours when they are closed without consent of the City Council or its designee. This provision expressly prohibits overnight camping within any park in the City without consent of the City Council or its designee. Parking only for park use along Park and Iowa Street with no parking from 10 p.m. to 8 a.m.

 

3-9-4 PENALTY, MUNICIPAL INFRACTION. Except as otherwise provided, the violation of this chapter shall be a municipal infraction with penalties not to exceed those contained within the City Code.

 

3-9-5 NOTICE REQUIREMENTS. The City Council shall cause notices of the provisions of this chapter of the City Code to be placed at or near primary entrances or in at least one conspicuous area of all City parks.

 

 

 

These ordinances may not be the most current version of the code. Please contact City Hall at 120 Mechanic Street to be certain of the ordinance in place